The responsibility is ours to preserve our earth and protect our staff and the people around them, so that successive generations too have a beautiful world. Global warming, deforestation and the threat to our fragile ecosystems are real. We believe therefore in the sustainability of our freshwater resources, our marine and coastal systems, and the preservation of our ecosystems. We also view the protection of our wetlands as non-negotiable. So our responsibility has become clearly defined. We must take cognizance that the advance of technology must be married to principles that nuture our natural environment.
The oil and gas industry, potentially one of the most hazardous industry sectors, has one of the most thorough safety programs. The combination of powerful equipment, flammable chemicals and processes that are under high pressure can lead to hazardous and even deadly incidents. That’s why it’s essential for safety managers and supervisors to identify and communicate recommended safety controls and hazards that exist on each work site before work begins.
KZN Oils knows it’s essential for safety managers and supervisors to have the resources they need for optimal safety operations, so we have information specifically tailored for the oil and gas industry.
Our ambition is to achieve no harm and no leaks across all of our operations. Everyone working for us strives to achieve this goal each day.
To achieve our ambition, we focus on the three areas of safety hazards which have the highest risks for our type of activities: personal, process, and transport safety.
We want to help improve safety performance throughout the energy industry and work in partnership with industry trade associations and professional bodies to share our safety experience, standards and knowledge with other operators and contractors.
Safety Officer - Mohamed Kader
Tel (+27) 82 497 5628
Our people often work in demanding roles and extreme conditions. They may have many different hazards to manage, whether in office locations, construction work in remote locations, or the transport of people, equipment and products. Whatever they do, they always ensure that they can operate safely before they start work.
Everyone who works for us, or with us, has an important part to play in making our environemnet a safer place to work. We expect people to take personal responsibility in three areas:
• to comply with the safety rules and regulations relevant to their work;
• to intervene to prevent unsafe conditions; and
• to respect fellow workers and the communities in which we work.
Process safety involves making sure our facilities are well designed, safely operated and properly maintained to prevent leaks of hazardous materials. We use structured processes to manage our asset integrity and prevent leaks, spills and any other technical failures or breakdowns.
Process safety starts at the early design phase of building facilities and continues throughout their life cycle, making sure they are operated safely, well maintained and inspected regularly to identify and deal with any potential process safety hazards.
Risks vary depending on the local environment and the types of transport we use. We develop best-practice standards and work with specialist contractors, industry bodies, non-governmental organisations and governments.
Our road safety approach focuses on driver skills and behaviour, as well as the condition of the vehicle, road and local environment. It is supported by our global road safety standards and includes routine audits of the road safety capabilities of our contractors as well as our mandatory defensive driving training course. This course teaches safe driving techniques and behaviour, with an overall aim of reducing risks.
Our employees and drivers are required to follow our safety rules and regulations. These include following a prescribed route for road journeys, wearing a seat belt, not using mobile phones or any other devices while driving and adhering to speed limits.
We set high requirements for vehicle safety. In-vehicle monitoring systems (IVMS) are in place in many of our vehicles. They provide information on driver behaviour across a range of areas such as speeding, harsh braking and seat belt compliance and are used to support drivers to drive safely.
We want our drivers to be safe at all times. A number of our large projects have successfully reduced the amount of road travel needed. For example, during construction at a service station we provided accommodation for personnel on the project site.
We share our road safety experience and knowledge proactively with other companies, governments, non-governmental organisations and local communities. Together with universities and private sector partners we participate in research projects to better understand driver behaviour and fatigue.
Service Station Safety
The storage of petrol may pose several risks: Fire/explosion, environmental damage, health effects when handled by individuals. One should ensure all staff are adequately trained (retain training records); Storage tanks and dispense pumps are adequately maintained and monitored; Appropriate wet stock management procedures are used; Identify hazardous areas and control all sources of ignition – use appropriate warning and hazard signs.
There is considerable movement of cars and other vehicles on the forecourt which could lead to accidental collision with structures, people and other vehicles. One should devise a safe system of traffic movement, e.g. a one-way system for entering and exiting the forecourt; Display clear information/warning signs setting out the traffic control arrangements; Provide sufficient designated parking areas close to the shop and away from the pumps; Provide mechanical protection to vulnerable structures such as fuel tanks and liquified petroleum gas (LPG) storage areas.
Service Station Safety
Some items of stock and chemicals used in the car wash and for general cleaning can be harmful. Exposure to them through use, accidental spillage or leaks, can cause respiratory problems, dermatitis or chemical burns. One should store all hazardous chemicals in their original containers;
Obtain information on all substances stored and used in the premises from manufacturers hazard data sheets; Train staff and provide appropriate protective clothing.
The removal of access covers to storage tanks, moving LPG cylinders and positioning of large cleaning fluid containers may cause back injury or muscular strains. One should Eliminate all unnecessary manual handling; Train staff in proper lifting techniques; Provide suitable equipment e.g. keys for lifting manhole covers; Avoid lifting items which are too heavy – use a trolley or castors where possible.
Slips, trips and falls
In Winter, snow and ice on the forecourt can present a risk to pedestrians from falling and from skidding vehicles. Fuel and oil spillages on the forecourt can present a slipping hazard. Supplies of industrial salt mixed with fine gravel should be kept and spread on the forecourt during icy conditions and also used promptly to absorb and clean up any fuel or oil spill; Staff should be trained on how to deal with minor fuel spillages.
Accidents are mainly due to misuse of, or badly maintained, equipment and there is an increased risk of electric shock when using equipment externally in a wet environment e.g. commercial vacuums and car washes. Electrical installation must be certified by a competent electrician every three years; All electrical equipment used out of doors should be suitably insulated and should be supplied through a circuit protected by a 30 mA Residual Current Device; All electrical switchgear controlling machinery should be clearly labelled and readily accessible at all times; Ensure that the electrical installation used for mechanical car washes is suitable for a wet environment and has adequate protection from mechanical damage, considering the complexity of the moving parts; Fit a readily accessible emergency stop button to mechanical car washes.
Obstructed exits e.g. by stock and/or accumulations of packaging can prevent escape and provide fuel for fires. One should keep all escape routes and fire exits clear and make regular checks to ensure that this is the case; Clear rubbish regularly (remember sand used for cleaning or containing petrol spills will be flammable and should be disposed of safely, by a hazardous waste disposal company if necessary).
Violence to Staff
Robbery of goods or cash may place staff at risk of violence. One should consider the use of closed circuit television, panic alarms and other security measures e.g. the use of pay windows at night.
Compressed Air Systems
The main risks arise from abuse of this equipment and from over inflation of vehicle tyres. One should make sure that the air system is located within sight of the shop attendant to ensure constant supervision; Display clear information on the use of the air system e.g. the driver should check the correct tyre pressures; Train staff in the safe use of the equipment.
Any leak in diesel or petrol storage tanks can negatively affect the environment. This increases the importance of proper handling of the storage tanks. It is essential to store diesel or petrol in strong and sturdy storage tanks.
Safe Location is Primary Requirement
You can’t place your tank in a risky area, such as any area near a well, borehole or spring.You shouldn’t place your tank in an area where there’re chances of floods. Floods increase the risks of oil spillage and broken pipelines. However, you can place bunded tanks near a water body. Other than a safe location, you must choose an area where people can reach the tank easily. If it’s placed in an unsafe location, then the maintenance team can’t reach your tank when it needs repair or maintenance. You should provide your tank with a strong support system as it’ll be heavier once it’s full. Steel tanks are safer to store diesel or petrol as they’re self-supporting. Plastic tank needs support at its base. You can opt for tank stands or brick piers to support the tank.
Proper Grounding System
Diesel or petrol storage tanks may be less combustible than gasoline tanks but a proper grounding system is necessary for both. It will save you from unnecessary tension. A proper grounding system allows the electrical and static charges to flow through the system without causing any damage to the tank.
It is mandatory to follow the guidelines of The Control of Pollution regulations 2001. These guidelines are issued to let people know how they can save the environment by preventing pollution.
Fire Safety Regulations
Fire safety guidelines say that if anyone stores up to 3,500 liters of fuel in a storage tank then it should be placed at least 2 meters away from any building. If the tank can hold more than 3,500 liters of fuel then it should be placed at least 6 meters away from any building.
Storage tanks should be installed following the correct regulations. Hire a registered technician to fit your tank in its place.
Bounded tanks are the best fit if you want to place your tank near a water-body.
Proper Maintenance is Compulsory
Always consult a certified engineer to better understand your tank issues. It is better to carry out the checking procedure once a week. An isolation valve on the outlet of the tank is necessary to empty the tank.
Under normal conditions of utilisation, lubricants do not present any particular risks. However, in the case of an improper handling or accidents, hazards for the health may occur.
Most lubricants have a low toxicity level, but the exposures to which users can be submitted are multiple. The main contact zones with the oils and greases are the eyes and the hands. A few processes may also generate oil mists whose fineness allows them to penetrate the respiratory tracts
Precautions for use
In order to reduce and to prevent accidents, the following precautions should be taken:
Contact with the skin
This is as per strict personal and industrial hygiene rules. To avoid contact with the body:
• Use oil proof gloves,
• Wear clothes with an efficient protection,
• Do not wear oil contaminated clothes,
• Solvents, such as petroleum, petrol must not be used to remove oil from the skin,
• Use a protecting cream.
Avoid inhaling oil mists and fumes. An efficient ventilation of premises must be installed. The acceptable limit for an oil mist is 5 mg/cm3, or even 1 mg/cm3 as it is recommended by the I.N.R.S. (Institut National de Recherche pour la Sécurité, National Safety Research Institute).
Contact with the eyes
Wearing goggles is recommended when oil spattering in the eyes is likely to occur. In case of accidental contact, flush eyes with water for at least 15 minutes and contact physician if irritation persists.
Lubricants have a low oral toxicity level. In case of ingestion, do not cause vomiting but see a physician immediately.
ARE USED OILS HAZARDOUS FOR THE ENVIRONMENT?
Used oils are hardly biodegradable; their disposal in the environment is therefore hazardous for natural systems; i.e
1L of oil pollutes 1 million litres of water
HOW USED OIL GETS COLLECTED?
Used oils should be handed over to:Used oils should be handed over to:
• An approved recycler
• An approved waste centre
• An approved final disposal agent.
• According to countries, the conditions for collection may vary. Indeed they depend both on used oil volume and legal framework.
• You should thus contact your local distributor in case you need any further information.
HOW CAN I REDUCE THE VOLUMES OF USED OILS I PRODUCE?
The lubricant quality is highly related to the volume of used oils that is generated. Accordingly, high quality lube oils provide much longer drain interval, and so the production of waste oil is minimised.
What are the dangers of LPG?
LPG may leak as a gas or a liquid. If the liquid leaks it will quickly evaporate and form a relatively large cloud of gas which will drop to the ground, as it is heavier than air. LPG vapors can run for long distances along the ground and can collect in drains or basements. When the gas meets a source of ignition it can burn or explode. Cylinders can explode if involved in a fire. LPG can cause cold burns to the skin and it can act as an asphyxiant at high concentrations.
What are the general requirements?
• LPG must be stored in adequate location wherein vessels or cylinders are suitably positioned having regard to the relevant codes of practice
• LPG plant must be designed to appropriate standards and be properly installed and commissioned by competent persons
• Plant must be fitted with adequate safety and monitoring control devices and operated by competent persons
• Occupiers must notify the gas supplier of any structural or other changes which might affect the gas installation
• There must be a suitable programme of maintenance and testing by competent persons
• Plant must be identifiable and accessible for maintenance
• Records of maintenance and tests must be kept
• Precautions must be taken to prevent fire and explosion including appropriate protection of storage vessels
• Installations must have appropriate security measures to prevent deliberate interference
• Incidents involving death or hospitalisation, fire or explosion or a significant release of LPG must be reported to the Authority and records of such incidents must be kept
Gas cylinders are required to be replaced or re-tested and stamped every 10 years. You can find the expiry date and other information stamped on the neck of the cylinder.
If the cylinder is more than 10 years passed its stamped date, the cylinder cannot be refilled.
Do not attempt to refill dented, damaged or corroded cylinders. They must be returned to a test station for re-certification.
Transporting gas cylinders
Transporting gas cylinders in enclosed vehicles can pose a safety risk.
Portable gas cylinders have been known to ignite and explode inside vehicles even when bottles were thought to be empty and turned off.
When transporting LPG cylinders ensure:
- The main cylinder valves are turned off firmly (DO NOT over tighten) and plugged if possible.
- Cylinders are secure and in an upright position – not loose or lying down.
- You can use straps, a sturdy cardboard box or container to secure the cylinders.
- You transport LP Gas cylinders in vehicles with cargo areas open to the air like a ute or trailer.
- If this is not possible, put the gas cylinders in the boot or wagon part of your vehicle – never on a passenger seat or in the footwells.
- Your car windows are wound down – this is important – never leave them up while transporting cylinders.
- For safety reasons, that cylinders are not left in an enclosed vehicle unnecessarily and no more than two LPG cylinders are transported in a vehicle at any one time.
Sign up now to our newsletter. It’s FREE!
Keep up with our latest projects and product oﬀerings.